In Mexico there are around 300 thousand young people called “ninis” at risk of participating with organized crime, said Pablo Vázquez Camacho, general director of crime prevention and community services at the Human Rights Deputy Attorney’s Office of the PGR.
These adolescents, he said, live in states of the Republic where the rate of homicidal violence is high enough.
“We have some in the north of the country, others in the west, on the Pacific coast, in the Gulf, rather than looking at the entity, what is to be seen is where those red spots of violence are concentrated. at risk that one dimension is to be nini status and work especially with these young people in those areas because we know that that is where there is more risk that they could be linked. ”
In an interview with La Jornada after participating in the First International Forum on Juvenile Delinquency, at the National Institute of Criminal Sciences (Inacipe), he said that the Repensar program was launched last September, designed based on the best practices of crime prevention at national and international level
Its objective is to reduce criminal recidivism and the persistence of violent behavior, including the youth sector.
On the other hand, Carlos Cruz Santiago, general director of Cauce Ciudadano, indicated that according to official figures up to date, the homicide rate is 21 per 100 thousand inhabitants.
However, he maintained that “the figure is misleading because we must link the rate of daily disappearance, then we could be facing a phenomenon that may take us between 40 and 45 people in general, of which 70 percent are young people from the north of the country. The area of the Bajío, Guanajuato has a disaster, Colima, Sinaloa, the entire Pacific Basin, throughout the country is with the problem of murders.
He added that young people are used by organized crime. “what he does with them is to give them recognition, finance, generate appreciation mechanisms, love and make them responsible, the State should invest in productive projects for their adolescents, but there is an” adult centrism “where they do not want to see to young people as a priority sector of attention but as a vulnerable group that is not. ”
He recalled that in 2011, according to figures from the Ministry of National Defense, there were an average of 500,000 adolescents involved with criminal organizations.
He added that to solve the problem of adolescents involved in organized crime, “we have to have a law of dismantling heritage and social use of confiscated property, as well as the creation of the national demobilization system against the stupid Internal Security Law that is to be approved in the Chamber of Deputies. ”
According to INEGI data, in 2016 the number of young people who do not study or work in Mexico increased, reaching a population of 6.8 million people between 15 and 29 years old.
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